Clinical Laboratory Science Training Program
The Training Year / Curriculum
Orientation (1 week)
Students will spend their first week in orientation. The first day will be spent in hospital orientation reviewing hospital-wide programs, policies, and benefits. The next four days will be spent reviewing School of Clinical Laboratory Science policies, safety policies, program schedules, and expectations.
General Laboratory Techniques (2 weeks)
During the first two weeks of the program, students will receive the majority of their lectures in a workshop format covering general laboratory techniques.
Topics include: computers, QC/QA/PT, QM, accreditation, educational methods, management, instrumentation/method evaluation, body fluids/cell counts, use of the microscope, making and staining smears, lab math, troubleshooting skills, and point-of-care testing. Objectives will be met through exams, exercises, and student projects.
Blood Bank (6-week rotation)
During the Blood Bank rotation, all phases of pre-transfusion testing will be covered including ABO/Rh typing, antibody screening/identification, and compatibility testing. Students will also have the opportunity to process various blood components for transfusion and receive an introduction to the responsibilities of the Blood Bank during emergency situations, such as trauma.
Chemistry (12-week rotation)
The Chemistry rotation consists of routine and special chemistry procedures including therapeutic drug monitoring, electrophoresis, and immuofixation. Students will learn about test analytes, clinical significance, and testing methodologies. Using the Laboratory’s state-of-the-art instrumentation, students will become familiar with the automation and computerization of the modern clinical laboratory. Quality control reports are used to troubleshoot and problem-solve. Students will also get the opportunity to participate in a method evaluation.
Immunology (4-week rotation)
The immunology rotation consists of special serological procedures including immunofluorescent assays and enzyme immunoassays. Students will get the opportunity to work with a variety of automated, semi-automated and manual procedures.
Urinalysis (4 weeks)
Students will spend two weeks at the hospital lab and two weeks at the Core Lab performing various automated and manual urinalysis techniques. They will learn about physical, chemical, and microscopic evaluation of urine samples. Students will also learn about special procedures, such as semen analysis, done as part of the urinalysis workstation.
Hematology / Coagulation (8-week rotation)
The Hematology rotation includes the study of whole blood components with emphasis placed on procedures (automated and manual) for the diagnosis of leukemias, anemias, and infectious diseases. The analysis of various body fluids will also be covered. Students will gain proficiency at evaluating peripheral smears and performing manual differentials. The coagulation process and coagulopathies are also studied. Automated and manual procedures for the assessment of coagulation disorders are discussed.
Flow Cytometry (1 week)
Students will receive an introduction to flow cytometry and gain perspective into how this type of analysis can assist the Pathologist in diagnosing disease.
Microbiology (9-week rotation)
The Microbiology rotation will develop and enhance the student’s awareness of diagnosing and treating infectious diseases. The rotation will include training in routine aerobic and anaerobic bacteriology, mycology, mycobacteriology, and virology. Susceptibility testing and clinical relevance of patient samples will be discussed to foster student’s decision-making skills. Students will be introduced to various automated microbiology systems, as well as standard manual techniques used to identify microorganisms.
Parasitology (3 weeks)
Parasitology is presented in a workshop format including lecture, multimedia, introduction to specimen processing, and the microscopic evaluation of prepared smears. Students will have the opportunity to apply their diagnostic skills as part of the Microbiology rotation.
Molecular (1 week)
Students will receive an introduction to molecular testing platforms. Students will gain hands on experience in performing assays, interpreting and reporting patient results.
Enhancement Sites - Healthcare Delivery Systems
During some rotations, students will be scheduled for various field trips to local facilities to observe the application of clinical laboratory science at different venues. Students will spend one day at the local blood donor center to observe donor and component processing. They will also have the opportunity to visit our local public health laboratory. The use of point-of-care testing as part of the healthcare delivery system will be emphasized.
Central Processing and Phlebotomy (ongoing)
Phlebotomy skills on adults and adolescents will be developed throughout the year. An introduction to infant and pediatric phlebotomy will be provided. Students will be assigned to morning phlebotomy rounds throughout the year, depending on where they are at in their department rotation schedule. These assignments are provided so that the students can develop their phlebotomy skill and gain competence. Instruction will emphasize the importance of proper specimen collection and processing as the first step in quality testing and ultimately, quality patient care.
For more information, please call, write, or e-mail:
CLS Education Coordinator
Cottage Hospital School of Clinical Laboratory Science
Pacific Diagnostic Laboratories
454 S. Patterson Ave
Santa Barbara, CA 93111